Introduction: What are Parts of Speech?

In module 2 you will learn:

  • What the different types of word are that make up the English language
  • How these types of word work and the roles they play in a sentence


In module 1 we introduced the idea of making words and sentences. As we went along we saw some words like verb, adjective and adverb. Now it's time to find out a lot more about these and other kinds of word.

To say everything we want to say in English we have 9 different types of word. That's it, just 9 types of word are all we need to do everything from saying hello to writing a novel. These different types of word we have at our disposal are called the parts of speech, and each one has different jobs to do in a sentence. Here are the nine parts of speech:

  • noun
  • pronoun
  • verb
  • adjective
  • adverb
  • determiner
  • preposition
  • conjunction
  • interjection
We're going to look at what we mean by each of these words and the different things we can do with them. We'll start with the part of speech that has the largest number of jobs to perform in a sentence, the noun.